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[609] where they were protected by the naval force on the island of Roanoke, at Cape Hatteras and at Moorehead City. Newberne was only occupied by an advanced post. The gun-boats were directed to display the Federal flag in front of the small towns situated on the borders of Albemarle and Pamlico Sounds, without compromising it by a permanent establishment. Fortunately for Foster, the Confederates on their part had stripped North Carolina of troops in order to reinforce their main army in front of Richmond. He was not, therefore, molested, and at the expiration of a few weeks reinforcements came from Massachusetts to form a small division under his command, sufficient to prevent any aggressive return on the part of the enemy.

Before proceeding any further, it is proper that we should rapidly enumerate the naval operations which took place in the waters of North Carolina from the month of April to the time when the land-forces were again able to co-operate effectively. During the siege of Fort Macon, three gun-boats were sent into Currituck Sound to obstruct the channel which connects this bay with that of Norfolk. It was feared that the Confederates, who were still in possession of the arsenal of that name, might use this channel for the purpose of transferring into the waters of North Carolina the flotilla which was blockaded by the Monitor. The operation was accomplished without any opposition on the 24th of April, shortly before the evacuation of Norfolk.

During the first fortnight of May, four gun-boats, commanded by Lieutenant Flusser, scoured Albemarle Sound, carrying off the machinery appertaining to the lighthouse of Wade's Point, on the Chowan, which the Confederates had concealed in a farmhouse; and, destroying several provision stores, they subsequently appeared before Elizabeth City, and finally returned to the island of Roanoke.

Flusser, with five or six vessels, being left in special charge of Albemarle Sound, undertook another expedition in the early part of July, at the very time when Burnside was embarking at Newberne. He penetrated into the Roanoke, easily overcame the obstacles which the Confederates had placed in his way, seized one of the enemy's steamers fitted out as a man-of-war, which was not expecting to meet the Federal fleet so high up in the

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