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[624] of Pocotaligo, situated at a distance of eighteen kilometres from Mackay's Point. This road runs along the right bank of the watercourse, and crosses, over narrow causeways intersected by wooden bridges, the broad swamps, often bounded by thick copses, with which all the small valleys in this region are covered. Each of these causeways formed a defile easy to defend. The Confederates took good care to avail themselves of these excellent positions. Colonel Walker, after feeling the Federals, who were advancing and deploying whenever the nature of the ground allowed them, awaited their approach behind one of these obstacles in front of the Frampton plantation, twelve kilometres from Mackay's Point. Twice did the Union troops cross the wood by which the swamp was bounded on their side; and each time they were received by such terrific volleys of musketry along its edge that they were compelled to fall back, leaving behind them a large number of killed and wounded. The section of regular artillery which accompanied them succeeded at last in taking position at the entrance of the causeway, from which it shelled the thickets occupied by the enemy, who, staggered by its fire, were unable to resist the final charge of Brannan's brigade. The Confederates retired in great haste, abandoning a caisson; but they soon formed again in a new position similar to the first. This was stronger yet, for, after the defile formed by the causeway, the road ran upon a bridge thrown across the Pocotaligo, and crossed over to the left bank of this stream. In order to avoid this crossing and strike the railroad bridge without leaving the right bank, it would have been necessary to pass through a country entirely deprived of any line of communication for a distance of several kilometres. It was two o'clock before the Federals found themselves facing this new obstacle. The reconstruction of the bridges had delayed their march. The means of transportation were wanting, and the artillery was without ammunition, with the exception of the naval howitzers, which could use the projectiles abandoned by the enemy. The Confederates had crossed over to the left bank of the Pocotaligo, destroyed the bridge behind them, and planted several guns of heavy calibre along that bank, which completely commanded all the approaches to the swamp. After repeated attempts to brave the fire of these guns, the Federals became

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Pocotaligo River (South Carolina, United States) (1)
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