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[629] penetrated into the lake and took a position bearing upon the entrance of Taylor's Bayou. The railroad at this place runs close to the shore, and the Federal shells soon fell among the troops who were guarding the bridge; a few successful shots disabled a train of cars which was bringing them reinforcements, and the Union sailors, landing under cover of their guns, entirely destroyed the bridge, the barracks occupied by the post, and two small schooners which they found at the entrance of the stream. On the 17th a detachment of fifty of their party, accompanied by a howitzer, attacked and dispersed a body of cavalry encamped eight kilometres from Sabine City, thus securing to the Federals the undisturbed possession of this important post.

These operations, which were gradually substituting the occupation of the most important points on the coast for the maritime blockade, had all been directed by Farragut, who had stationed himself with his favorite ship, the Hartford, under the guns of Fort Pickens, in the Bay of Pensacola. At the same period, he sent Captain Renshaw, with four gun-boats, to take possession of Galveston. This town is situated near the eastern extremity of a large island which closes the entrance of the extensive bay of the same name; in order to reach the wharves which project into the tranquil waters of the bay, the ships doubled the point of the island, passing between this point and Pelican Island. Galveston is connected with the continent by a railroad which crosses an arm of the sea of no great depth, over a bridge twelve hundred metres long. At the bottom of the bay stands the village of San Jacinto, in the vicinity of which the American adventurers who had undertaken to conquer and colonize Texas defeated the Mexican army and captured General Santa Anna. Renshaw appeared on the 4th of October with his flotilla at the entrance of the bay. After waiting in vain for an answer to his summons, he crossed the bar. A fort erected by the Confederates, at the extreme end of Galveston Island, opened fire upon him, but two or three well-directed shells soon silenced its guns. The battery on Pelican Island, from which the Federals had expected to receive numerous projectiles, was found to be only armed with bogus wooden cannon. It was immediately occupied; and Renshaw,

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