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[654]

Chapter 2:

Recruiting and finances.

THE object of this work does not allow us to dwell at any length upon the administrative and political legislation which the great struggle we are narrating rendered necessary. We must, however, comment upon it sufficiently to enable the reader to understand the war itself. It is time for us to do so; for we have avoided all allusion to the subject since the guns of Fort Sumter controlled the action of parties.

We therefore propose in this chapter to show the measures that were adopted by the opposing governments of the North and the South, during the first two years of the war, in order to supply their vast armies with men and materiel, and to cause their authority to be respected by their respective peoples—measures relating to enlistments, finances and the liberty of the citizens. The next chapter will conclude this volume, with an account of the relations existing between the belligerents and foreign countries.

The labors of the Federal legislature, even in regard to politics, were made entirely subservient to the civil war and its vicissitudes. This war imposed upon it a task of considerable magnitude, for the Congress at Washington had to resort to every kind of provisional legislation in order to procure the men and money with which the patriotism of the nation was ready to supply the government. This military and financial legislation, therefore, formed the principal subject of their deliberations.

We have already alluded to some of the measures adopted during the early period of the struggle. We shall confine ourselves to a brief recapitulation of them, with an outline of the labors of Congress during the years 1861 and 1862. We have delayed presenting this sketch until now, so as to be able to embrace a sufficient collection of legislative acts, and at the same

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