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[735] of those countries, whatever their name or social position. It was, moreover, a great mistake to suppose that the freedmen would become parties to this project of emigration, for there is no race on earth more attached to the land of their birth, and it would have required the use of violent means to compel them to expatriate themselves. Some poor wretches, allured by dazzling promises, allowed themselves to be beguiled by speculators who had undertaken to carry out the emigration plan by contract. Being conveyed to a small desert island on the coast of Hayti, called L'Isle des Vaches, they suffered cruelly; the contractors were the only gainers by the transaction, and this unfortunate experiment put an end for ever to the plans of emigration and colonization.

The intervention of Congress, however, did not suffice to remove the embarrassments caused to Mr. Lincoln by the conduct of some of his generals, who were always ready to compromise him in some way or other upon the question of slavery. General Hunter, although selected at first to supersede General Fremont in the West, shared the abolition sentiments of his predecessor. Being called to the command of Port Royal, which Sherman had left in the month of April, one of his first acts was to issue a proclamation far exceeding in extravagance that which had drawn Mr. Lincoln's censure upon Fremont. On the 9th of May, without even consulting or notifying the President, he simply announced that slavery was abolished in the three States of Georgia, Florida and South Carolina. The abolition party loudly applauded this proclamation, but it created much uneasiness in the border States; and the Confederate leaders took advantage of this discontent to make an effort to bring them over to their cause. Whatever may have been his opinion in the main, the President could not tolerate such a usurpation of power on the part of a subordinate. Without waiting for explanations, he publicly disavowed the act on the 19th of May, and declared that he could never leave the solution of such questions to an army commander, and that Hunter's proclamation was incompatible with the propositions of purchase he had submitted to the representatives of the nation.

The latter, continuing the work they had commenced by abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia, applied their political

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