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[739] could only have been tolerated in a country where politicians are accustomed to treat the violent language of their opponents with contempt. He continued quietly to organize battalions of negroes, without concerning himself about the opinions of the representatives. These new troops relieved his soldiers by sharing their labors and service; but notwithstanding the success of this first experiment, considerable time elapsed before the Federal government concluded to follow Hunter in this direction.

We shall quote, without pausing to comment upon it, the vote of Congress on the 7th of July, ratifying the convention on the right of search for the suppression of the slave trade on the coast of Africa, which had been concluded on the 7th of April between the government of Washington and Lord Lyons, the English minister. Southern statesmen, although protectionists in matters concerning slavery, had declined, when they controlled American policy, to take part in an international convention the avowed object of which was to strike at the servile institution.

After the laws we have enumerated had been passed, Mr. Lincoln, feeling that the slave question could not be eluded much longer, determined to make a final appeal to the representatives of the border States in favor of gradual emancipation. On the 12th of July he held a long conference with them, in which he explained his favorite scheme of emigration. Although this chimerical plan was no doubt only put forward with the view of rendering emancipation itself more acceptable, he only succeeded in convincing a small number of his interlocutors. He nevertheless persisted in his determination; and on the following day he sent a message to Congress recommending the passage of a law proffering financial aid to every State that should proclaim the abolition of slavery. The capital represented by the slave population, according to the census of 1860, was to be integrally reimbursed to the government of each State in government bonds bearing six per cent. interest. This proposition, which was general in its character, was addressed to all the slave States, even those forming the Southern Confederacy. If applied only to the States of Kentucky, Maryland, Virginia, Delaware, Missouri and Tennessee, it would have involved an expense of nearly one thousand

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