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[765] perhaps, which we have expressed in the first volume. We accused him of having stripped the Northern arsenals for the benefit of those of the South during his administration of the War Department; this was an exaggerated assertion. The following are the facts as they appear from a report made by Mr. Stanton in the name of the committee on military affairs (Thirty-sixth Congress, Second Session, Report No. 91). The number of muskets which Mr. Floyd caused to be transferred from the Northern to the Southern arsenals in 1860 amounted to one hundred and fifteen thousand. These arms, known to be fit for service, may be thus classified: sixty-five thousand percussion muskets, forty thousand altered muskets, ten thousand rifles; these were about one-fifth of all the arms collected in the different arsenals of the North and South. The order of transfer having been issued in the spring of 1860, we may allow that Mr. Floyd had no intention of securing arms for the Southern insurrection, and that an untoward coincidence alone brought about that result. Unfortunately, there is another order of the same character on file, which, although never executed, constitutes, from its date, a still more serious charge against him, and which, taken in connection with the first, greatly aggravates it. This is an order issued December 20, 1860, in which Mr. Floyd directed forty columbiads and four thirty-two-pounders to be sent to the fort on Ship Island, and seventy-one columbiads with seven thirty-two-pounders to Galveston. These one hundred and twenty-two guns of heavy calibre were intended for forts which at that period were yet unfinished, whose armament, therefore, was not justified by any existing circumstances. The order was issued when the secession of several States was already an accomplished fact, and the Secretary of War selected the very moment for its signature when the respected chief of the Ordnance Bureau, Colonel Craig, was absent. If this order, which would have put the Confederates in possession of valuable resources, was not executed, it is because the Secretary had no time to see it fulfilled, and because his successor, Mr. Holt, hastened to revoke it.

We persist, therefore, in thinking that Mr. Floyd failed in the performance of his duty by taking advantage of his official position to favor the arming of the States which were on the eve of insurrection against the government of which he formed a part; but while deeming him guilty on this point, we willingly acknowledge that the harm which he thus inflicted on the Federal army was of less magnitude than we had imagined when we published the first part of this history.

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