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[22] Of late, says Bond (in 1860), the profits of the Fishery have been divided between the towns of Watertown and Brighton, seven-tenths to the former and three-tenths to the latter. Owing to the impurities discharged into the river from the gas works, dye houses, and other factories, the fish finally stopped coming up the river, and the last three amounts reported by the Town Treasurer of Watertown as income received from the Fishery are:—for 1856, $161; for 1858, $74.25, and for 1860, $35. Since which time the wears do not appear to have been used.

On account of the ‘much sickness’ and mortality that prevailed at Charlestown upon the arrival of Winthrop and his people, owing to the bad water there, and their ‘being destitute of housing and shelter, and lying up and down in Booths,’ the 30th of July, 1630, by recommendation of Governor Winthrop, ‘was set apart for solemn fasting and prayer,’ by the people of Charlestown and Watertown. The first settlers of the latter town had ‘resolved,’ says Mather, ‘that they would combine into church fellowship as their first work;’ accordingly after the religious exercises of the day were over, under the guidance of the Rev. George Phillips, ‘who was a worthy servant of Christ and Dispenser of his Word,’ ‘about forty men, whereof the first was that excellent knight, Sir Richard Saltonstall, then subscribed this instrument,1 in order unto their coalescence into a church estate.’

There has been much argument over the point, whether this signing of a covenant constituted the organization of a church; the weight of authority is in the affirmative, and Mr. Bond succinctly states the correct conclusion ‘that Watertown was the first church in New England that distinctly adopted the Congregational order; that it may justly claim priority over the first church of Boston, and, since the migration from Dorchester to Windsor, is entitled to rank as the second church of Massachusetts Bay.’

At the first Court of Assistants, held August 23, 1630, at Charlestown,2 it was ‘ordered that houses be built for’ the ministers, Mr.

1 A covenant.

2 On board the Arbella.—Johnson.

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