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[23] Phillips of Watertown and Mr. Wilson of Boston, ‘with convenient speed at the public charge;’ Sir Richard Saltonstall undertook to provide for Mr. Phillips at his plantation, and Governor Winthrop at Boston for Mr. Wilson.1 On Nov. 30th, an order was passed to collect £ 60 for the support of these two ministers, £ 30 being allotted to each; the amount was assessed: Boston £ 20, Watertown £ 20, Charlestown £ 10, Roxbury £ 6, Medford £ 3, Winnesemet £ 1.

At this Court Sir Richard Saltonstall was ‘fyned V £ for whipping 2 feverall persons without the presence of another Assistant, contrary to an Act of Court formerly made:’ but this fine he appears never to have paid; he returned to England March 29, 1631,2 and this fine was remitted by order of the Court Sept. 6, 1638. At the second Court, Sept. 7, 1630, it was enacted to be £ 10 fine for any that should permit an Indian the use of a gun, the first offence; the second offence they were to be imprisoned and fined at discretion.

The spirit of liberty and independence in thought and action,—the natural outgrowth or development of the fundamental idea of Puritanism, ‘to see God's own Law made good in this world;...that God's Will be done on Earth as it is in Heaven;’3—this spirit, that ‘was properly the beginning of America,’ that led the Pilgrims to determine on settling in the black, untamed forests and amid the wild savage creatures of the New World, that founded the early churches in the Colonies, manifesting itself in individuals, early began to give trouble. One Richard Browne, ‘a man of good understanding, and well versed in the discipline of separation, having been a ruler in one of their churches in London,’4 had

1 Previous to the organization of these churches, both ministers had preached in Charlestown and Boston, ‘their meeting-place,’ says Roger Clap, ‘being abroad under a tree, where I have heard Mr. Wilson and Mr. Phillips preach many a good sermon.’ Mr. Phillips had been minister of Bocksted near Groton in Suffolk Co., England, and Mr. Wilson had formerly been a minister of one of the parishes of Sudbury, in the same county.


2 Taking with him Grace, Rosamond, and one of his youngest sons, probably Samuel. His sons Richard, Robert, and Henry remained.

3 Carlyle.

4 Winthrop, I. 58.

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