with all sorts of cattle, which in a few years so increased that the inhabitants were not only provided with enough for themselves, but were able also to supply others.
One of the earliest causes of dispute concerning boundaries of Towns arose from the people being cramped for room1
for the pasturage of their cattle.
In 1634 Wood
says of the people of New-towne
:—‘The inhabitants most of them are very rich, and well stored with Cattell
of all sorts; having many hundred Acres of ground paled in with one generall fence, which is about a mile and a half long, which secures all their weaker Cattell
from the wilde beasts;’ what was true of New-towne
was doubtless equally true of Watertowne
, ‘a place nothing inferior for land, wood, medow, and water’ to the former, and the wealthier of the two at this time.
From 1632 to 1635 ‘near twenty confiderable ships’ came each year, and with the increase in numbers of settlers there arose a scarcity of laborers and consequent demand for excessive wages.
To check this, the General Court ordered in November, 1633, that carpenters and masons should not receive above 2s. per diem, and laborers not above 18d,2
and that merchants should not advance above 4d. in the shilling on what their goods cost in England
. But this first attempt to regulate prices met with no better success than later ones, and Hubbard
 complains that these ‘good orders did expire with the first and golden age in this new world; things being raised since to treble the value well nigh of what at first they were.’
On the 6th of July, 1631, a small ship of sixty tons, called the Plough
, came into Nantasket
with ten passengers from London
, having a patent to Sagadahock;
afterwards called the Ligonia or Plough Patent.
Not liking the place, they came to Boston
and went up to Watertown
, ‘a plantation for husbandmen principally,’ but as their vessel drew ten feet, she ran aground twice by the way and ‘they laid her bones there.’
This company was called the Hus