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[195] under penalty of the censure of the star-chamber for
Chap. VI.} 1625 May 13.
disobedience. In a few days, a new proclamation appeared, in which it was his evident design to secure the profits that might before have been engrossed by the corporation. After a careful declaration of the forfeiture of the charters, and consequently of the immediate dependence of Virginia upon himself, a declaration aimed against the claims of the London company, and not against the franchises of the colonists, the monarch proceeded to announce his fixed resolution of becoming, through his agents, the sole factor of the planters. Indifferent to their constitution, it was his principal aim to monopolize the profits of their industry; and the political rights of Virginia were established as usages by his salutary neglect.1

There is no room to suppose that Charles nourished the design of suppressing the colonial assemblies. For some months, the organization of the government was not changed; and when Wyatt retired, Sir George

1626.
Yeardley was appointed his successor. This appointment was in itself a guaranty, that, as ‘the former interests of Virginia were to be kept inviolate,’2 so the representative government, the chief political interest, would be maintained; for it was Yeardley who had had the glory of introducing the system. In the
Mar. 4.
commission now issued,3 the monarch expressed his desire to benefit, encourage and perfect the plantation; ‘the same means, that were formerly thought fit for the maintenance of the colony,’ were continued; and the power of the governor and council was limited, as

1 Hazard, i. 202—205. Burk, II. 14, 15.

2 Letter of the privy council, in Burk, II. 18

3 Hazard, i. 230—234.

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