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[200] charge,1 and gave to their statutes the greatest possi-
Chap. VI.} 1630 to 1635.
ble publicity.2 When the defects and inconveniences of infant legislation were remedied by a revised code, which was published with the approbation of the governor and council,3 all the privileges which the assembly had ever claimed, were carefully confirmed.4 Indeed, they seem never to have been questioned.

Yet the administration of Harvey was disturbed by

1635
divisions, which grew out of other causes than infringements of the constitution. De Vries, who visited Virginia in 1632—3, had reason to praise the advanced condition of the settlement, the abundance of its products, and the liberality of its governor.5 The community would hardly have been much disturbed because fines were exacted with too relentless rigor;6 but the whole colony of Virginia was in a state of excitement and alarm in consequence of the dismemberment of its territory by the cession to Lord Baltimore. As in many of the earlier settlements, questions about landtitles were agitated with passion; and there was reason to apprehend the increase of extravagant grants, that would again include the soil on which plantations had already been made without the acquisition of an indisputable legal claim. In Maryland, the first occupants had refused to submit, and a skirmish had ensued, in which the blood of Europeans was shed for the first time on the waters of the Chesapeake; and Clayborne, defeated and banisned from Maryland as a murderer7 and an outlaw, sheltered himself in Virginia, where he had long been a member of the council.

1 Hening, 175, Acts 57 and 58.

2 Ibid. 177, Act 68.

3 Ibid. 179.

4 Ibid. 180—202. See, particularly, Acts 34, 35, 36. 39. 46. 57, 58. 61.

5 De Vries, Korte Historiael ende Journals—a rare work, which Ebeling had never seen.

6 Beverley, 48. Bullock, 10.

7 Hammond's Leah and Rachel.

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