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[224] unquestioned for their past loyalty; and should
Chap. VI.} 1652.
have ‘as free trade as the people of England.’ No taxes, no customs, might be levied, except by their own representatives; no forts erected, no garrisons maintained, but by their own consent.1 In the settlemen of the government, the utmost harmony prevailed between the burgesses and the commissioners: it was the governor and council only, who had any apprehensions for their safety, and who scrupulously provided a guaranty for the security of their persons and proper ty, which there evidently had existed no design to injure.

These terms, so favorable to liberty, and almost conceding independence, were faithfully observed till the restoration. Historians have, indeed, drawn gloomy pictures of the discontent which pervaded the colony, and have represented that discontent as heightened by commercial oppression.2 The statement is a fiction. The colony of Virginia enjoyed liberties as large as the favored New England; displayed an equal degree of fondness for popular sovereignty, and fearlessly exercised political independence.3 There had long existed a republican party; and, now that monarchy had fallen, on whom could the royalists rely so safely as on themselves? The executive officers became elective; and so evident were the designs of all parties to promote an amicable settlement of the government,

1 Hening, i. 363—365, and 367, 368. Jefferson's Notes on Virginia. Hazard, i. 560—564. Burk, II. 85—91.

2 Beverley, Chalmers, Robertson, Marshall. Even the accurate and learned Holmes has transmitted the error. Compare Jared Sparks, in North American Review, XX. New series, 433—436.

3 Compare, for example, Dutch Records, at Albany, XXIV. 302, where Berkeley writes like an independent sovereign. ‘Whatsoever the noble Sir Harry Moody, in his excellent judgment, shall think fit to be done for the good of both colonies, we, on our part, shall firmly ratify.’ May 17, 1660. The same spirit had prevailed for years Albany Records, IV. 165.

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