previous next
[230] place, it was done by the authority of the colonial
Chap VI.}
assembly.1 The war between England and Holland did not wholly interrupt the intercourse of the Dutch with the English colonies; and if, after the treaty of peace, the trade was considered contraband, the English restrictions were entirely disregarded.2 A remonstrance, addressed to Cromwell, demanded an
1656.
unlimited liberty; and we may suppose that it was not refused; for, some months before Cromwell's death,
1658. Mar.
the Virginians invited the Dutch and all foreigners to trade with them, on payment of no higher duty than that which was levied on such English vessels as were bound for a foreign port.3 Proposals of peace and commerce between New Netherlands and Virginia were discussed without scruple by the respective colonial governments;4 and at last a special statute of
1660
Virginia extended to every Christian nation, in amity with England, a promise of liberty to trade and equal justice.5 At the restoration, Virginia enjoyed freedom of commerce with the whole world.

Religious liberty advanced under the influence of independent domestic legislation. No churches had been erected except in the heart of the colony6 and there were so few ministers, that a bounty was offered

1 Hening, i. 382, 383.

2 Thurloe, v. 80. Hazard, i. 599—602.

3 Hening, i. 469.

4 The statements in this paragraph derive ample confirmation from the very copious Dutch Records at Albany, IV. 91; IX. 57—59; IV. 96. 122. 165. 198; particularly IV. 211, where the rumor of an intended prohibition of Dutch trade in Virginia is alluded to in a letter from the W. I. Co. to Stuyvesant. That was in 1656, precisely at the time referred to in the rambling complaint in Hazard, i. 600, and still more in the very rare little volume by L. G. ‘Public Good without Private Interest, or a Compendious Remonstrance of the Present Sad State and Condition of the English Colonie in Virginea; 1657;’ p. 13, 14. The prohibition alluded to is not in the Navigation Act of St. John, nor did any such go into effect. See Albany Records, IV. 236. The very rare tract of L. G., I obtained through the kindness of John Brown, of Providence.

5 Smith, 27. Hening, i. 450.

6 Norwood, in Churchill, VI. 186.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Sort places alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a place to search for it in this document.
Providence, R. I. (Rhode Island, United States) (1)
Dutch (West Virginia, United States) (1)

Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text.

hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
Hening (3)
Hazard (2)
Richard Cromwell (2)
Thurloe (1)
Stuyvesant (1)
John Smith (1)
Norwood (1)
Interest (1)
Churchill (1)
John Brown (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
1656 AD (2)
1658 AD (1)
1657 AD (1)
March (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: