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[237] enterprising spirit was destined to exert a powerful
Chap VII.} 1621
and long-continued influence. His first appearance in America was as a surveyor,1 sent by the London company to make a map of the country. At the fall of the corporation, he had been appointed by King James a
member of the council;2 and, on the accession of Charles, was continued in office, and, in repeated com-
missions, was nominated secretary of state.3 At the
1627 to 1629
same time, he received authority from the governors of Virginia to discover the source of the Bay of the Chesapeake, and, indeed, any part of that province, from the thirty-fourth to the forty-first degree of latitude.4 It was, therefore, natural that he should become familiar with the opportunities for traffic which the country afforded; and the jurisdiction and the settlement of Virginia seemed about to extend to the forty-first parallel of latitude, which was then the boundary of New England. Upon his favorable representation, a company was formed in England for trading with the natives; and, through the agency of
1631 May 16.
Sir William Alexander, the Scottish proprietary of Nova Scotia, a royal license was issued, sanctioning the commerce, and conferring on Clayborne powers of government over the companions of his voyages.5 Harvey enforced the commands of his sovereign, and
1632 Mar 8.
confirmed the license by a colonial commission.6 The Dutch plantations were esteemed to border upon Virginia. After long experience as a surveyor, and after years employed in discoveries, Clayborne, now acting under the royal license, formed establishments, not only on Kent Island, then within the Old Dominion, but

1 Hening, i. 116.

2 Hazard, i. 189.

3 Ibid. 234 and 239.

4 Papers in Chalmers, 227.

5 Chalmers, 227, 228.

6 Ibid. 228, 229.

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