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[252] writ; while the people were to choose as many dele-
Chap. VII.}
gates as ‘the freemen should think good.’ As yet there was no jealousy of power, no strife for place. While these laws prepared a frame of government for future generations, we are reminded of the feebleness and poverty of the state, where the whole people were obliged to contribute to ‘the setting up of a watermill.’1

The restoration of the charter of the London com-

1640.
pany would have endangered the separate existence of Maryland; yet we have seen Virginia, which had ever been jealous of the division of its territory, defeat the attempt to revive the corporation. Meantime, the legislative assembly of Maryland, in the grateful en-
Oct.
joyment of happiness, seasonably guarded the tranquillity of the province against the perplexities of an ‘interim,’ by providing for the security of the government in case of the death of the Deputy Governor. Commerce also was fostered; and tobacco, the staple of the colony, subjected to inspection.

Nor was it long before the inhabitants recognized

1642. Mar. 21.
Lord Baltimore's ‘great charge and solicitude in maintaining the government, and protecting them in their persons, rights, and liberties;’ and therefore, ‘out of desire to return some testimony of gratitude,’ they freely granted ‘such a subsidy as the young and poor estate of the colony could bear.’2 Maryland, for all its divisions, was the abode of happiness and liberty. Conscience was without restraint; a mild and liberal proprietary conceded every measure which the welfare of the colony required; domestic union, a happy concert between all the branches of government, an increasing

1 Bacon, 1638—9. Chalmers, 213, 214. Griffith, 8.

2 Bacon, 1641—2, c. v

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