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[260] him of his commission from Lord Baltimore,
Chap. VII.} 1652. June.
and changing the officers of the province, they at last established a compromise. Stone, with three of his council, was permitted to retain the executive power till further instructions should arrive from England.1

The dissolution of the Long Parliament threatened

1653. April.
a change in the political condition of Maryland; for, it was argued, the only authority, under which Bennett and Clayborne had acted, had expired with the body from which it was derived.2 In consequence, Stone, Hatton and his friends, reinstated the rights of Lord
Baltimore in their integrity; displacing all officers of the contrary party, they introduced the old council, and declared the condition of the colony, as settled by Bennett and Clayborne, to have been a state of rebellion.3 A railing proclamation to that effect was published to the Puritans in their church meeting.

The measures were rash and ill advised. No sooner did Clayborne and his colleague learn the new revolu-

tion, than they hastened to Maryland; where it was immediately obvious, that they could be met by no effectual resistance. Unable to persuade Stone, ‘in a peaceable and loving way,’ to abandon the claims of Lord Baltimore, they yet compelled him to surrender his commission and the government into their hands. This being done, Clayborne and Bennett appointed a board of ten commissioners, to whom the administration of Maryland was intrusted.4

Intolerance followed upon this arrangement; for parties had necessarily become identified with religious

1 Strong, 2 and 3. Langford, 7 and 8. Bacon's Preface. McMahon, 204, 205. Chalmers, 122.

2 Langford, 10. Strong, 3.

3 Strong, 3. Hazard, i. 626. The date is there 1653. It was in 1654, as Strong asserts. McMahon, 206, cites Hazard doubtingly. Bacon, 1654, c. XLV. Hammond, 22.

4 Strong, 3, 4, 5. Langford, 11, 12. McMahon, 206. Chalmers, 223.

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