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[262] were commissioned by Stone to raise men in arms,
Chap. VII.} 1655
and the leaders of this new revolution were able to surprise and get possession of the provincial records. They marched, also, from Patuxent towards Anne
Mar 25.
Arundel, the chief seat of the republicans, who insisted on naming it Providence. The inhabitants of Providence and their partisans gathered together with the zeal that belongs to the popular party, and with the courage in which Puritans were never deficient. Vain were proclamations, promises, and threats. The party of Stone was attacked and utterly discomfited; he himself, with others, was taken, and would have been put to death but for the respect and affection borne him by some among the insurgents whom he had formerly welcomed to Maryland. He was kept a prisoner during part of the administration of Cromwell;1 while three of the principal men of the province, sentenced to death by a council of war, were presently executed.2

A friend to Lord Baltimore, then in the province, begged of the protector no other boon than that he would ‘condescend to settle the country by declaring his determinate will.’3 And yet the same causes which led Cromwell to neglect the internal concerns of Virginia, compelled him to pay but little attention to the disturbances in Maryland. On the one hand, he respected the rights of property of Lord Baltimore; on the other, he protected his own political partisans, corresponded with his commissioners, and expressed no displeasure at their exercise of power.4

1 On this occasion were published Strong's Babylon's Fall in Maryland, and Langford's Just and Clear Refutation of a Scandalous Pamphlet, entitled Babylon's Fall in Maryland, 1655. Both are minute, and, in the main, agree. Compare Chalmers; McMahon, 207; Hazard, i. 621—628, and 629, 630; Bacon's Pref.

2 Hammond, 22, 23.

3 Barber, in Langford, 15.

4 Thurloe, i. 724, and IV. 55. Hazard, i. 594, quotes but one of the rescripts. Hammond, 24.

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