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[270] and named the country New England,—a title which
Chap. VIII}
Prince Charles confirmed. The French could boast, with truth, that New France had been colonized before New England obtained a name; Port Royal was older than Plymouth, Quebec than Boston. Yet the voyage was not free from crime. After Smith had departed for England, Thomas Hunt, the master of the second ship, kidnapped a large party of Indians, anti, sailing for Spain, sold ‘the poor innocents’ into slavery. It is singular how good is educed from evil: one of the number, escaping from captivity, made his way to London, and, in 1619, was restored to his own country, where he subsequently became an interpreted for English emigrants.1

Encouraged by commercial success, Smith next

endeavored, in the employment of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, and of friends in London, members of the Plymouth company, to establish a colony. Sixteen men2 were all whom the adventurers destined for the occupation of New England. The attempt was unsuccessful. Smith was forced by extreme tempests to return. Again renewing his enterprise, he suffered from the treachery of his companions, and was, at last, intercepted by French pirates. His ship was taken away; he himself escaped alone, in an open boat, from the harbor of Rochelle.3 The severest privations in a new settlement would have been less wearisome, than the labors which his enthusiasm now prompted him to undertake. Having published a map and a

1 Smith's Description of New England, 47. Smith's Generall Historie, II. 176. Morton's Memorial, 55, and Davis on Morton. Prince, 132. Mourt's Relation, in i. M. H. Coll. VIII. 238. Plantation of N. England, in II. Mass. Hist. Coll. IX. 6, 7.

2 Williamson's Maine, i. 212 The learned and very valuable historian of Maine confounds this design of Smith to found a colony with his previous voyage for trade and discovery.

3 Smith, II. 205—215; and in III. Mass. Hist. Coll.; II. 20, 21.

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