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[281] them, compromise was itself apostasy. The offer of
Chap VIII.}
pardon could not induce Hooper to waver, nor the pains of a lingering death impair his fortitude. He suffered by a very slow fire, and at length died as quietly as a child in his bed.

A large part of the English clergy turned to their submission to the see of Rome; others firmly adhered to the reformation, which they had adopted from conviction; and very many, who had taken advantage of the laws1 of Edward, sanctioning the marriage of the clergy, had, in their wives and children, given hostages for their fidelity to the Protestant cause. Multitudes, therefore, hurried into exile to escape the grasp of vindictive bigotry; but even in foreign lands, two parties among the emigrants were visible; and the sympathies of a common exile could not immediately eradicate the rancor of religious divisions. The one party2 aimed at renewing abroad the forms of discipline which had been sanctioned by the English parliaments in the reign of Edward; the Puritans, on the contrary, endeavored to sweeten exile by a complete emancipation from ceremonies which they had reluctantly observed. The sojourning in Frankfort was imbittered by the anger of consequent divisions; but Time, the great calmer of the human passions, softened the asperities of controversy; and a reconciliation of the two parties was prepared by concessions3 to the Puritans. For the circumstances of their abode on the continent were well adapted to strengthen the influence of the

1 2 and 3 Edward VI., c. XXI., 5 and 6 Edward VI., c. XII., in Statutes, IV. 67, and 146, 147. Strype's Memorials, III. 108.

2 Discourse of the Troubles in Frankfort.

3 Ibid., edition of 1642, p. 160, 161, 162, 163. ‘We will joyne with you to be suitors for the reformation and abolishing of all offensive ceremonies.’ Prince, 287, 288.

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