them, compromise was itself apostasy.
The offer of
pardon could not induce Hooper
to waver, nor the pains of a lingering death impair his fortitude.
He suffered by a very slow fire, and at length died as quietly as a child in his bed.
A large part of the English
clergy turned to their submission to the see of Rome
; others firmly adhered to the reformation, which they had adopted from conviction; and very many, who had taken advantage of the laws1
of Edward, sanctioning the marriage of the clergy, had, in their wives and children, given hostages for their fidelity to the Protestant cause.
Multitudes, therefore, hurried into exile to escape the grasp of vindictive bigotry; but even in foreign lands, two parties among the emigrants were visible; and the sympathies of a common exile could not immediately eradicate the rancor of religious divisions.
The one party2
aimed at renewing abroad the forms of discipline which had been sanctioned by the English
parliaments in the reign of Edward; the Puritans, on the contrary, endeavored to sweeten exile by a complete emancipation from ceremonies which they had reluctantly observed.
The sojourning in Frankfort
was imbittered by the anger of consequent divisions; but Time, the great calmer of the human passions, softened the asperities of controversy; and a reconciliation of the two parties was prepared by concessions3
to the Puritans.
For the circumstances of their abode on the continent were well adapted to strengthen the influence of the