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[330] hopes which his family might have cherished of territo-
Chap. IX.} 1638.
rial aggrandizement and feudal supremacy. His widow in vain attempted to manage the colonial domains; the costs exceeded the revenue; the servants were ordered to provide for their own welfare; the property of the great landed proprietor was divided among them for the payment of arrears; and Mason's American estate was completely ruined. Neither king nor proprietary troubled the few inhabitants of New Hampshire; they were left to take care of themselves—the best dependence for states, as well as for individuals.

The enterprise of Sir Ferdinand Gorges, though sustained by stronger expressions of royal favor, and continued with indefatigable perseverance, was not followed by much greater success. We have seen a colony established, though but for a single winter, on

1606.
the shores which Pring had discovered, and Weymouth had been the first to explore. After the bays of New England had been more carefully examined by the
1615.
same daring adventurer who sketched the first map of the Chesapeake, the coast was regularly visited by fishermen and traders. A special account of the country was one of the fruits of Hakluyt's inquiries, and was published in the collections of Purchas. At Winter Harbor, near the mouth of Saco River, Englishmen, under Richard Vines, again encountered the severities of the inclement season; and not long after-
1616-7
wards, the mutineers of the crew of Rocraft lived from autumn till spring on Monhegan Island, where the
1618-9
colony of Popham had anchored, and the ships of John
1607
Smith had made their station during his visit to New
1614.
England. The earliest settlers, intent only on their immediate objects, hardly aspired after glory; from the

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