few memorials which they have left, it is not, perhaps,
possible to ascertain the precise time, when the rude shelters of the fishermen on the sea-coast began to be tenanted by permanent inmates, and the fishing stages of a summer to be transformed into regular establishments of trade.1
The first settlement was probably
made ‘on the Maine
,’ but a few miles from Monhegan
, at the mouth of the Pemaquid
The first observers could not but admire the noble rivers and secure bays, which invited commerce, and gave the promise of future opulence; but if hamlets were soon planted near the mouths of the streams; if forts were erected to protect the merchant and the mariner,— agriculture received no encouragement; and so many causes combined to check the growth of the country, that, notwithstanding its natural advantages, nearly two centuries glided away, before the scattered settlements along the sea-side rose into a succession of busy marts, sustained and enriched by the thriving villages of a fertile interior.
The settlement at Piscataqua
could not quiet the ambition of Gorges
As a Protestant and an Englishman, he was almost a bigot, both in patriotism and in religion.
Unwilling to behold the Roman
Catholic church and the French
monarch obtain possession of the eastern coast of North America
, his first act with reference to the territory of the present state of Maine
was, to invite the Scottish nation to become the