guardians of its frontier.
Sir William Alexander
ambitious writer of turgid rhyming tragedies, a man of influence with King James, and already filled with the desire of engaging in colonial adventure, seconded a design, which promised to establish his personal dignity and interest; and he obtained, without difficulty, a patent for all the territory east of the River
St. Croix, and south of the St. Lawrence
The whole region, which had already been included in the French
provinces of Acadia
and New France, was designated in English geography by the name of Nova Scotia
Thus were the seeds of future wars scattered broadcast by the unreasonable pretensions of England
; for James now gave away lands, which, already and with a better title on the ground of dis-
covery, had been granted by Henry IV.
, and which had been immediately occupied by his subjects; nor could it be supposed, that the reigning French monarch would esteem his rights to his rising colonies invalidated by a parchment under the Scottish seal, or prove himself so forgetful of honor, as to discontinue the protection of the emigrants who had planted themselves in America
on the faith of the crown.2
Yet immediate attempts were made to effect a Scottish settlement.
One ship, despatched for the
purpose, did but come in sight of the shore, and then, declining the perilous glory of colonization, returned to the permanent fishing station on Newfoundland
The next spring, a second ship arrived; but the two
vessels in company hardly possessed courage to sail to and fro along the coast, and make a partial survey of