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[332] guardians of its frontier. Sir William Alexander, the
Chap. IX.}
ambitious writer of turgid rhyming tragedies, a man of influence with King James, and already filled with the desire of engaging in colonial adventure, seconded a design, which promised to establish his personal dignity and interest; and he obtained, without difficulty, a patent for all the territory east of the River
1621. Sept. 10.
St. Croix, and south of the St. Lawrence.1 The whole region, which had already been included in the French provinces of Acadia and New France, was designated in English geography by the name of Nova Scotia. Thus were the seeds of future wars scattered broadcast by the unreasonable pretensions of England; for James now gave away lands, which, already and with a better title on the ground of dis-
1603.
covery, had been granted by Henry IV. of France, and which had been immediately occupied by his subjects; nor could it be supposed, that the reigning French monarch would esteem his rights to his rising colonies invalidated by a parchment under the Scottish seal, or prove himself so forgetful of honor, as to discontinue the protection of the emigrants who had planted themselves in America on the faith of the crown.2

Yet immediate attempts were made to effect a Scottish settlement. One ship, despatched for the

1622.
purpose, did but come in sight of the shore, and then, declining the perilous glory of colonization, returned to the permanent fishing station on Newfoundland. The next spring, a second ship arrived; but the two
1623.
vessels in company hardly possessed courage to sail to and fro along the coast, and make a partial survey of

1 The patent is in Hazard, v. i. p. 134—145; in Purchas, v. IV. p. 1871. See, also, Gorges' Narration, c. XXIV; Laing's Scotland, in 477.

2 Chalmers, 92.

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