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[333] tile harbors and the adjacent lands. The formation
Chap IX.}
of a colony was postponed; and a brilliant eulogy of the soil, climate, and productions of Nova Scotia, was the only compensation for the delay.1

The marriage of Charles I. with Henrietta Maria

1625 May.
promised between the rival claimants of the wilds of Acadia such friendly relations as would lead to a peaceful adjustment of jarring pretensions. Yet, even at that period, the claims of France were not recognized by England; and a new patent confirmed to
July 12.
Sir William Alexander all the prerogatives with which he had been lavishly invested,2 with the right of creating an order of baronets. The sale of titles proved to the poet a lucrative traffic, and the project of a colony was abandoned.

The citizens of a republic are so accustomed to see the legislation and the destinies of their country controlled only by public opinion, as formed and expressed in masses, that they can hardly believe the extent in which the fortunes of European nations have, at least for a short season, been moulded by the caprices of individuals: how often the wounded vanity of a courtier, or an unsuccessful passion of a powerful minister, has changed the foreign relations of a kingdom! The feeble monarch of England, having twice abruptly dissolved parliament, and having vainly resorted to illegal modes of taxation, had forfeited the confidence of his people, and, while engaged in a war with Spain, was destitute of money and of credit. It was at such a moment, that the precipitate gallantry of the favorite

Buckingham, eager to thwart the jealous Richelieu, to whom he was as far inferior in the qualities of a

1 Purchas's Pilgrims, IV. 1872. Charlevoix, i. 274. De Laet. 62

2 Hazard, i. 206, and ff. Biog. Brit. sub voce Alexander.

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