statesman, as he was superior in youth, manners, and
personal beauty, hurried England
into an unnecessary and disastrous conflict with France
The siege of Rochelle
invited the presence of an English fleet; but the expedition was fatal to the honor and the objects of Buckingham
Hostilities were no where successfully attempted, except in America
fell easily into the
hands of the English
; the conquest was no more than the acquisition of a small trading station.
It was a bolder design to attempt the reduction of Canada
Sir David Kirk
and his two brothers, Louis and Thomas
, were commissioned to ascend the St. Lawrence
, and Quebec
received a summons to surrender.
The garrison, destitute alike of provisions and of military stores, had no hope but in the character of Champlain
, its commander: his answer of proud defiance concealed his weakness; and the intimidated assailants withdrew.
sent no season-
able supplies; the garrison was reduced to extreme suffering and the verge of famine; and when the squadron of Kirk
reappeared before the town, the English
were welcomed as deliverers.
Favorable terms were demanded and promised; and Quebec
Thus did England
, one hundred and thirty years before the enterprise of Wolfe
, make the conquest of the capital of New France; that is to say, she gained possession of a barren rock and a few wretched hovels, tenanted by a hundred miserable men, who were now but beggars for bread of their vanquishers.
Yet the event might fairly be deemed of importance, as pregnant with consequences; and the English
admiral could not but admire the position of the fortress.
Not a port in North America