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[335] to the French; from Long Island to the Pole, England
Chap IX.} 1629 May.
was without a rival.1

But before the conquest of Canada was achieved, peace had been proclaimed between the contending states; and an article in the treaty promised the restitution of all acquisitions, made subsequent to April 14, 1629.2 The possession of New France would have been too dearly purchased by the vileness of falsehood; and it was readily agreed to restore Quebec.3 Perhaps an indifference to the issue prevailed in France; but the pride of honor and of religion seconded the claims to territory; and the genius of Richelieu succeeded in obtaining the restitution,

1632 Mar. 29.
not of Canada only, but of Cape Breton and undefined Acadia.4 The event has been frequently deplored; but misery ensued, because neither the boundaries of the rival nations were distinctly marked, nor the spirit of the compact honestly respected.

While the eastern provinces of America were thus recovered by the firmness and ability of the French minister, very different causes delayed the colonization of Maine. Hardly had the little settlement, which claimed the distinction of being the oldest plantation

on that coast, gained a permanent existence, before a succession of patents distributed the whole territory from the Piscataqua to the Penobscot among various proprietors. The grants were couched in vague
1629 to 1631
language, and were made in hasty succession, without deliberation on the part of the council of Plymouth, and without any firm purpose of establishing colonies

1 Memoires, in Hazard, i. 285—287. Charlevoix, i. 165, and ff. Compare, also, Haliburton's N. Scotia, i. 43. 46, &c.

2 Rushworth, II. 24.

3 Hazard, i. 314, 315.

4 Charlevoix, i. 176. Winthrop, i. 13. Hazard, i. 319, 320. Williamson, i. 246, 247. Dummer's Memorial, in III. M. H. Coll. i. 232, is an ex parte statement, unworthy to be cited as of authority.

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