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‘The business came afresh to agitation’ in Lon-

Chap. IX.} 1628.
don; the project of planting by the help of fishing voyages was given up; and from London, Lincolnshire, and the west country, men of fortune and religious zeal, merchants and country gentlemen, the discreeter sort among the many who desired a reformation in church government, ‘offered the help of their purses’ to advance ‘the glory of God,’ by planting a colony of the best of their countrymen, on the shores of New England. To facilitate the grant of a charter from the crown, they sought the concurrence of the Council of Plymouth for New England; they were befriended in their application by the Earl of Warwick, and obtained the approbation of Sir Ferdinando Gorges; and on the nineteenth of March, 1628, that body, which had proved itself incapable of colonizing its domain, and could derive revenue only from sales of territory, disregarding a former grant of a large district on the Charles River, conveyed to Sir Henry Roswell, Sir John Young, Thomas Southcoat, John Humphrey, John Endicott, and Simon Whetcomb, a belt of land extending three miles south of the River Charles and the Massachusetts Bay, and three miles north of every part of the River Merrimac, from the Atlantic to the Pacific ocean. The grantees associated to themselves Sir Richard Saltonstall, Isaac Johnson, Matthew Cradock, Increase Nowell, Richard Bellingham, Theophilus Eaton, William Pynchon and others; of whom nearly all united religious zeal with a capacity for vigorous action. Endicott—who, ‘ever since the Lord in mercy had revealed himself unto him,’ had maintained the straitest judgment against the outward form of God's worship, as prescribed by

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