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[341] English statutes; a man of dauntless courage, and that
Chap. IX.} 1628.
cheerfulness which accompanies courage benevolent, though austere; firm, though choleric; of a rugged nature, which his stern principles of non-conformity had not served to mellow—was selected as a ‘fit instrument to begin this wilderness work.’ Before June came to an end he was sent over as governor, assisted by a few men, having his wife and family for the companions of his voyage, the hostages of his irrevocable attachment to the New World. Arriving in safety in September, he united his own party and those who were formerly planted there, into one body, which counted in all not much above fifty or sixty persons. With these he founded the oldest town in the colony, soon to be called Salem; and extended some supervision over the waters of Boston harbor, then called Massachusetts Bay. At Charlestown an Englishman, one Thomas Walford, a blacksmith, dwelt in a thatched and palisaded cabin. William Blackstone, an Episcopal clergyman, a courteous recluse, gifted with the impatience of restraint which belongs to the pioneer, had planted himself on the opposite peninsula; the island now known as East Boston was occupied by Samuel Maverick, son of a pious nonconformist minister of the West of England, himself a prelatist. At Nantasket and further south, stragglers lingered near the sea side, attracted by the gains of a fishing station and a petty trade in beaver. The Puritan ruler visited in person the remains of Morton's unruly company in what is now Quincy, rebuked them for their profane revels, and admonished them, ‘to look there should be better walking.’

After the departure of the emigrant ship from England, the company, counselled by White, an eminent

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