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[355] which brought over not far from a thousand souls,
Chap. IX.} 1630.
beside horses, kine, goats, and all that was most necessary for planting, fishing and shipbuilding.

As the hour of departure drew near, the hearts of some, even of the strong, began to fail. On the eighteenth of March, it became necessary at Southampton to elect three substitutes among the assistants; and of these three, one never came over. Even after they had embarked, a court was held on board the Arbella, and Thomas Dudley was chosen deputy governor in the place of Humphrey, who staid behind. It was principally the calm decision of Winthrop which sustained the courage of his companions. In him a yielding gentleness of temper, and a never failing desire for unity and harmony, were secured against weakness by deep but tranquil enthusiasm. His nature was touched by the sweetest sympathies of affection for wife, children, and associates; cheerful in serving others and suffering with them, liberal without repining, helpful without reproaching, in him God so exercised his grace, that he discerned his own image and resemblance in his fellow-man; and cared for his neighbor like himself. He was of a sociable nature; so that ‘to love and be beloved was his soul's paradise,’ and works of mercy were the habit of his life. Parting from affluence in England, he unrepiningly went to meet impoverishment and premature age for the welfare of Massachusetts. His lenient benevolence tempered the bigotry of his companions, without impairing their resoluteness. An honest royalist, averse to pure democracy, yet firm in his regard for existing popular liberties; in his native parish a conformist, yet wishing for ‘gospel purity;’ in America mildly aristocratic, advocating a government of ‘the least part,’ yet desiring that part to be

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