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[358] by William Pierce, of the Lyon, whose frequent voy-
Chap. IX.} 1630.
ages had given him experience as a pilot on the coast. Winthrop and his companions came full of hope; they found the colony in an ‘unexpected condition’ of distress. Above eighty had died the winter before. Higginson himself was wasting under a hectic fever; many others were weak and sick; all the corn and bread among them was hardly a fit supply for a fortnight. The survivors of one hundred and eighty servants who had been sent over in the two years before at a great expense, instead of having prepared a welcome, thronged to the new comers to be fed; and were set free from all engagements, for their labor, great as was the demand for it, was worth less than their support. Famine threatened to seize the emigrants as they stepped on shore; and it soon appeared necessary for them, even at a ruinous expense, to send the Lyon to Bristol for food.

To seek out a place for their plantation, since Salem pleased them not, Winthrop, on the seventeenth of June, sailed into Boston harbor. The West countrymen, who, before leaving England had organized their church with Maverick and Warham for ministers, and who in a few years were to take part in calling into being the commonwealth of Connecticut, were found at Nantasket, where they had landed just before the end of May. Winthrop ascended the Mystic a few miles, and on the nineteenth took back to Salem a favorable report of the land on its banks. Dudley and others who followed, preferred the country on the Charles river at Watertown. By common consent, early in the next month the removal was made, with much cost and labor, from Salem to Charlestown. But while drooping with toil and sorrow, fevers consequent on the long voyage and the,

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