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[384] of conscience and the people. ‘If he were not su-
Chap. IX.}
perior to Hampden,’ says Clarendon, ‘he was inferior to no other man;’ ‘his whole life made good the imagination, that there was in him something extraordinary.’1

The freemen of Massachusetts, pleased that a young man of such elevated rank and distinguished ability should have adopted their creed, and joined them in their exile, elected him their governor. The choice

1636.
was unwise; for neither the age nor the experience of Vane entitled him to the distinction. He came but as a sojourner, and not as a permanent resident; neither was he imbued with the colonial prejudices, the genius of the place; and his clear mind, unbiased by previous discussions, and fresh from the public business of England, saw distinctly what the colonists did not wish to see, the really wide difference between their practice under their charter and the meaning of that instrument on the principles of English jurisprudence.2

These latent causes of discontent could not but be eventually displayed; at first the arrival of Vane was considered an auspicious pledge for the emigration of men of the highest rank in England. Several of the English peers, especially Lord Say and Seal, a Presbyterian, a friend to the Puritans, yet with but dim perceptions of the true nature of civil liberty, and Lord Brooke, a man of charity and meekness, an early friend to tolerance, had begun to inquire into the character of the rising institutions, and to negotiate for such changes as would offer them Inducements for removing to America. They demanded a division

1 Clarendon, b. VII. and b. III. vol. i. 379, and vol. i. 186, 187, 188.

2 I find proofs of this in Hutchinson's Co-72 73. 76, and 83; sc, too, in Winthrop, i. 187.

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