The true tendency of the principles of Anne Hutch-
inson is best established by examining the institutions which were founded by her followers.
We shall hereafter trace the career of Henry Vane
and his immediate friends removed to the banks of the Piscataqua
; and, at the head of tide waters on that stream, they founded the town of Exeter
; one more little republic in the wilderness, organized on the principles of natural justice by the voluntary combination of the inhabitants.1
The larger number of the friends of Anne Hutchinson
, led by John Clarke
and William Coddington
, proceeded to the south, designing to make a plantation on Long Island
, or near Delaware Bay
But Roger Williams
welcomed them to his vicinity; and his own
influence, and the powerful name of Henry Vane
, prevailed with Miantonomoh
, the chief of the Narragansetts, to obtain for them a gift of the beautiful island of Rhode Island
The spirit of the institutions established by this band of voluntary exiles, on the soil which they owed to the benevolence of the natives, was derived from natural justice: a social compact, signed after the manner of the precedent at New Plymouth, so often imitated in America
, founded the government upon the basis of the universal consent of
every inhabitant: the forms of the administration were borrowed from the examples of the Jews.
was elected judge in the new Israel
three elders were soon chosen as his assistants.
The colony rested on the principle of intellectual liberty: philosophy itself could not have placed the right on a broader basis.
The settlement prospered; and it be-
came necessary to establish a constitution.