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[2] want of proper food and shelter, twelve ships having
Chap. IX.} 1630.
arrived, the colonists kept the eighth of July as a day of thanksgiving. The emigrants had intended to dwell together, but in their distress they planted where each was inclined. A few remained at Salem; others halted at the Saugus, and founded Lynn. The governor was for the time at Charlestown, where the poor ‘lay up and down in tents and booths round the Hill.’ On the other side of the river, the little peninsula, scarce two miles long by one broad, marked by three hills, and blessed with sweet and pleasant springs, safe pastures and land that promised ‘rich cornfields and fruitful gardens,’ attracted among others William Coddington of Boston in England, who, in friendly relations with William Blackstone, built the fist good house there, even before it took the name which was to grow famous throughout the world. Some planted on the Mystic, in what is now Malden. Others, with Sir Richard Saltonstall and George Phillips, ‘a godly minister specially gifted, and very peaceful in his place,’ made their abode at Watertown; Pynchon and a few began Roxbury; Ludlow and Rossiter, two of the assistants, with the men from the west of England, after wavering in their choice, took possession of Dorchester Neck, now South Boston. The dispersion of the company was esteemed a grievance; but it was no time for crimination or debate, and those who had health made haste to build. Winthrop himself ‘givinge good example to all the planters, wore plaine apparell, drank ordinarily water, and when he was not conversant about matters of justice, put his hand to labour with his servants.’

The enjoyment of the gospel as the dearest covenant that can be made between God and man was the chief object of the emigrants. On Friday, the thirtieth

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