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The enlargement of the territory of Massachusetts

Chap. X.} 1643.
was, in part, a result of the virtual independence which the commotions in the mother country had secured to the colonies. The establishment of a union among the Puritan states of New England, was a still more important measure.

Immediately after the victories over the Pequods, at

a time when the earliest synod had gathered in Boston the leading magistrates and elders of Connecticut, the design of a confederacy was proposed. Many of the American statesmen, familiar with the character of the government of Holland, possessed sufficient experience and knowledge to frame the necessary plan; but time was wanting; the agents of Plymouth could not be seasonably summoned, and the subject was deferred. The next year it came again into discussion; but
Connecticut, offended ‘because some preeminence was yielded to Massachusetts,’ insisted on reserving to each state a negative on the proceedings of the confederacy. This reservation was refused; for, in that case, said Massachusetts, ‘all would have come to nothing.’

The vicinity of the Dutch, a powerful neighbor,

whose claims Connecticut could not, single-handed, defeat, led the colonists of the west to renew the negotiation; and with such success, that, within a few years, the United colonies of New England were
‘made all as one.’1 Protection against the encroachments

1 Winthrop, i. 237. 284. 299; II 350.266. Hubbard, 466. Johnson b. II. c. XXIII

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