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[425] of Warwick.1 The people of Rhode Island, excluded
Chap. X.}
from the colonial union, would never have maintained their existence as a separate state, had they not sought the interference and protection of the mother country; and the founder of the colony was chosen to conduct
the important mission.

Embarking at Manhattan, he arrived in England not long after the death of Hampden. The parliament had placed the affairs of the American colonies under the control of Warwick, as governor-in-chief, assisted by a council of five peers and twelve commoners.2 Among these commoners was Henry Vane, a man who was ever as true in his affections as in his principles, and who now welcomed the American envoy as an ancient friend. The favor of parliament was won by the incomparable ‘printed Indian labors of Roger Williams,3 the like whereof was not extant from any part of America;’ and his merits as a missionary induced ‘both houses of parliament to grant unto him, and friends with him, a free and absolute charter4 of civil government for those parts of his abode.’5 Thus

1644 Mar. 14.
were the places of refuge for ‘soul-liberty,’ on the Narragansett Bay, incorporated ‘with full power and authority to rule themselves.’ To the Long Parliament, and especially to Sir Henry Vane, Rhode Island owes its existence as a political state.

A double triumph awaited Williams on his return to New England. He arrived at Boston, and letters from the parliament insured him a safe reception from those who had decreed his banishment. But what honors

1 Trumbull, i. App. v. and VI.

2 Hazard, i. 533. 535.

3 Rhode Island Hist. Coll. i.

4 II. Mass. Hist. Coll. ix. 185.

5 Winthrop, II. 193. Knowles, 200. See also Callender and Backus,—both very good authorities, because both followed original documents

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