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‘ [443] for some dishonor, which he apprehended to have been
Chap X.} 1647
unjustly put upon him there, yet showed himself a true friend to New England, and a man of a noble and generous mind.’1 After ample deliberation, the committee of parliament magnanimously replied, ‘We encourage no appeals from your justice. We leave you with all the freedom and latitude, that may, in any respect, be duly claimed by you.’2

Such were the arts by which Massachusetts preserved its liberties. The people sustained their magistrates with great unanimity; hardly five-and-twenty persons could be found in the whole jurisdiction to join in a complaint against the strictness of the government; and when the discontented introduced the dispute into the elections, their candidates were defeated by an overwhelming majority.3

The harmony of the people had been confirmed by the courage of the elders, who gave fervor to the enthusiasm of patriotism. ‘It had been as unnatural for a right New England man to live without an able ministry, as for a smith to work his iron without a fire.’ The union between the elders and the state could not, therefore, but become more intimate than ever; and religion was venerated and cherished as the security against political sub-serviency. When the synod met by adjournment, it was by the common consent of all the Puritan colonies, that a system of church government was established for the congregations.4

1 Winthrop, II 248 and 317.

2 Hutchinson, i. 136—140 is confused and inaccurate. Was it from ignorance? To correct his errors the inquirer must go to the original authorities—Colony Records; Hutchinson's Collection, 188—218; Winthrop, II. 278—301, and 317—322; N. E.'s Jonas cast up at London, in II. Mass. Hist. Coll. iv. 107, &c.; E Winslow's N. E.'s Salamander Discovered, in III. Mass. Hist. Coil. II. 110, &c. See also Johnson, b. iil c. III.; Hubbard, c. iv.; Hazard, i 544, & c.

3 Winthrop, II. 307.

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