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1 The platform retained authority for more than,
Chap. X.}
a century, and has not yet lost its influence. It effectually excluded the Presbyterian modes of discipline from New England.

The jealousy of independence was preserved in its

1650 to 1655.
wakefulness. The Long Parliament asserted its power over the royalist colonies in general terms, which seemed alike to threaten the plantations of the north; and now that royalty was abolished, it invited Massachusetts to receive a new patent, and to hold courts and issue warrants in its name. But the colonial commonwealth was too wary to hazard its rights by merging them in the acts of a government of which the decline seemed approaching. It has been usual to say, that the people of Massachusetts foiled the Long Parliament. In a public state-paper, they refused to submit to its requisitions, and yet never carried their remonstrance beyond the point which their charter appeared to them to warrant.2

After the successes of Cromwell in Ireland, he

voluntarily expressed his interest in New England, by offering its inhabitants estates and a settlement in the beautiful island which his arms had subdued. His offers were declined; for the emigrants already loved their land of refuge, where their own courage and toils had established ‘the liberties of the gospel in its purity.’ Our government, they said among themselves, ‘is the happiest and wisest this day in the world.’

The war between England and Holland hardly

1651 to 1654
disturbed the tranquillity of the colonies. The western settlements, which would have suffered extreme misery from a combined attack of the Indians and the Dutch,

1 [444] of a Synod, &c. See also Winthrop and Hubbard. Cotton Mather is diffuse on the subject

2 Hutchinson, i. App. VIII.

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