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[445] were earnest for attempting to reduce New Amster-
Chap X.}
dam; but Massachusetts could deliberate more coolly, and its elders wisely answered, that the wars of Europe ought not to destroy the happiness of America; that ‘it was safest for the colonies to forbear the use of the sword, but to be in a posture of defence.’ The nature of the reserved powers of the members of the union now became the subject of animated discussion; but a peaceful intercourse with Manhattan continued.1

The European republics had composed their strife,

1654
before the fleet, which was designed to take possession of the settlements on the Hudson, reached the shores of America. It was a season of peace between England and France; and yet the English forces, turning to the north, made the easy conquest of Acadia—an acquisition which no remonstrances or complaints could induce the protector to restore.2

The possession was perhaps considered a benefit to New England, of which the inhabitants enjoyed the confidence of Cromwell throughout all the period of his success. They were fully satisfied that the battles which he had fought were the battles of the Lord; and ‘the spirits of the brethren were carried forth in faithful and affectionate prayers in his behalf;’ but, at the same time, they charged him to rule his spirit, rather than to storm cities. Cromwell, in return, was moved by the sincerity of their regard; he seems to have found relief in pouring out his heart to them freely; he confessed that the battle of Dunbar, where ‘some, who were godly,’ were fought into their graves, was, of all the acts of his life, that on which his mind had the least quiet; and he declared himself ‘truly ready to ’

1 Hazard, II., has all the documents on this subject

2 Haliburton, i. 61.

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