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[15] to a more northern coast, is, probably, a memorial of his
Chap. I.} 1501
crime1 and is, perhaps, the only permanent trace of Portuguese adventure within the limits of North America.

The French entered without delay into the competition for the commerce and the soil of America. Within seven years of the discovery of the continent,

the fisheries of Newfoundland were known to the hardy mariners of Brittany and Normandy.2 The island of Cape Breton acquired its name from their remembrance of home, and in France it was usual to esteem them the discoverers of the country.3 A map of the Gulf of
Saint Lawrence was drawn by Denys,4 a citizen of Honfleur; and the fishermen of the north-west of France derived wealth from the regions, which, it was reluctantly confessed, had been first visited by the Cabots.

The fisheries had for some years been successfully pursued; savages from the north-eastern coast had been

brought to France;5 plans of colonization in North
America had been suggested by De Lery and Saint Just;6 when at length Francis I., a monarch who had invited Da Vinci and Cellini to transplant the fine arts into his kingdom, employed John Verrazzani, another Florentine, to explore the new regions, which had alike excited curi-
osity and hope. It was by way of the isle of Madeira, that the Italian, parting from a fleet which had cruised successfully along the shores of Spain, sailed for Amer-
1524 Jan. 17.
ica,7 with a single caravel, resolute to make discovery

1 Memoir of Cabot, 242. Navarette, Viages Menores, III. 43, 44.

2 Charlevoix, Hist. Gen. de la Nouv. Fr. i. 3, edition of 1744, 4 to.; Champlain's Voyages, i. 9. Navarette, &c. III. 176—180, argues against the statement in the text. Compare Memoir of Cabot, 316.

3 Verrazzani, in Hakluyt, III. 363.

4 Charlevoix, i 3 and 4. Memoire sur les Limites de l'acadie, 104—a good historic outline.

5 Charlevoix, N. F. i. 4.

6 L'Escarbot, 21. Memoire, &c. 104.

7 See Verrazzani's letter to Francis I., from Dieppe, July 8, 1524, in Hakluyt, III. 357—364, or in N. Y. Hist. Coll. i. 45—60. It is also in Ramusio. Compare Charlevoix, N. F. i. 5—8.

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