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[17]

The harbor of New York especially attracted notice,

Chap. I.} 1524 April.
for its great convenience and pleasantness; the eyes of the covetous could discern mineral wealth in the hills of New Jersey.1

In the spacious haven of Newport, Verrazzani remained for fifteen days. The natives were ‘the goodliest people’ that he had found in the whole voyage. They were liberal and friendly; yet so ignorant, that, though instruments of steel and iron were often exhibited, they did not form a conception of their use, nor learn to covet their possession.2

Leaving the waters of Rhode Island, the persevering

1524 May 5.
mariner sailed along the whole coast of New England to Nova Scotia, till he approached the latitude of fifty degrees. The natives of the more northern region were hostile and jealous; it was impossible to conciliate their confidence; they were willing to traffic, for they had learned the use of iron; but in their exchanges they demanded knives and weapons of steel. Perhaps this coast had been visited for slaves; its inhabitants had become wise enough to dread the vices of Europeans.

In July, Verrazzani was once more in France. His own narrative of the voyage is the earliest original account, now extant, of the coast of the United States. He advanced the knowledge of the country; and he gave to France some claim to an extensive territory, on the pretext of discovery.3

The historians of maritime adventure agree, that

1525
Verrazzani again embarked upon an expedition, from

1 Hakluyt, III. 360, 361. N. Y. Hist Coll. i. 52, 53. Moulton's New York, i. 138, 139.

2 Hakluyt, III. 361. Moulton's New York, i. 147, 148. Miller, in N. Y. Hist. Coll. i. 25. Belknap's Am. Biog. i. 33.

3 Chalmers's Annals, 512. Harris's Voyages, II. 348,349.

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