captain, in which he declares, he found in that one harbor
eleven sail of Normans and one Breton
, engaged in the fishery.
king, engrossed by the passionate and unsuccessful rivalry with Charles V., could hardly respect so humble an interest.
, admiral of France
a man of bravery and influence, acquainted by his office with the fishermen, on whose vessels he levied some small exactions for his private emolument, interested Francis in the design of exploring and colo-
nizing the New World.
, a mariner of St. Malo, was selected to lead the expedition.2
His several voyages are of great moment; for they had a permanent effect in guiding the attention of France
to the region of the St. Lawrence
It was in April, that
the mariner, with two ships, left the harbor of St. Malo
and prosperous weather brought him in twenty days upon the coasts of Newfoundland
Having almost circumnavigated the island, he turned to the south, and, crossing the gulf, entered the bay, which he called Des Chaleurs, from the intense heats of midsummer.
Finding-no passage to the west, he sailed along the
coast, as far as the smaller inlet of Gaspe
There, upon a point of land, at the entrance of the haven, a lofty cross was raised, bearing a shield, with the lilies of France
and an appropriate inscription.
Henceforth the soil was to be esteemed a part of the dominions of the French
Leaving the Bay of Gaspe
covered the great river of Canada
, and sailed up its channel, till he could discern land on either side.
As he was unprepared to remain during the winter, it then
became necessary to return; the fleet weighed anchor