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[19] captain, in which he declares, he found in that one harbor
Chap. I.} 1527
eleven sail of Normans and one Breton, engaged in the fishery. The French king, engrossed by the passionate and unsuccessful rivalry with Charles V., could hardly respect so humble an interest. But Chabot, admiral of France,1 a man of bravery and influence, acquainted by his office with the fishermen, on whose vessels he levied some small exactions for his private emolument, interested Francis in the design of exploring and colo-
1534
nizing the New World. James Cartier, a mariner of St. Malo, was selected to lead the expedition.2 His several voyages are of great moment; for they had a permanent effect in guiding the attention of France to the region of the St. Lawrence. It was in April, that
Aprl 20.
the mariner, with two ships, left the harbor of St. Malo;
May 10.
and prosperous weather brought him in twenty days upon the coasts of Newfoundland. Having almost circumnavigated the island, he turned to the south, and, crossing the gulf, entered the bay, which he called Des Chaleurs, from the intense heats of midsummer. Finding-no passage to the west, he sailed along the
July 12.
coast, as far as the smaller inlet of Gaspe. There, upon a point of land, at the entrance of the haven, a lofty cross was raised, bearing a shield, with the lilies of France and an appropriate inscription. Henceforth the soil was to be esteemed a part of the dominions of the French king. Leaving the Bay of Gaspe, Cartier dis-
Aug
covered the great river of Canada, and sailed up its channel, till he could discern land on either side. As he was unprepared to remain during the winter, it then
Aug. 9.
became necessary to return; the fleet weighed anchor

1 Charlevoix, Nouv. Fr. i 8.

2 See Cartier's account in Hakluyt. III. 250—262. Compare Charlevoix, N. F. L 8, 9; Purchas, I. 931; Ibid, IV. 1605; Belknap's Am. Biog. i 161—163.

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