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[27] led him to delay a removal, since his colonists
Chap. I.} 1606
were so few. Yet the purpose remained. Thrice, in the spring of the following year, did Dupont, his lieutenant, attempt to complete the discovery. Twice he was driven back by adverse winds; and at the third
Aug. 28.
attempt, his vessel was wrecked. Poutrincourt, who had visited France, and was now returned with supplies, himself renewed the design; but, meeting with
Nov. 14.
disasters among the shoals of Cape Cod, he, too, returned to Port Royal. There the first French settle-
ment on the American continent had been made; two years before James River was discovered, and three years before a cabin had been raised in Canada.

The possessions of Poutrincourt were confirmed by

Henry IV.; the apostolic benediction of the Roman pontiff was solicited on families which exiled them-
selves to evangelize infidels; Mary of Medici herself contributed money to support the missions, which the Marchioness de Guercheville protected; and by a com-
pact with De Biencourt, the proprietary's son, the order of the Jesuits was enriched by an imposition on the fisheries and fur-trade.

The arrival of Jesuit priests was signalized by con-

1611 June 12.
versions among the natives. In the following year, De Biencourt and Father Biart explored the coast as far
as the Kennebec, and ascended that river. The Canibas, Algonquins of the Abenaki nations, touched by the confiding humanity of the French, listened reverently to the message of redemption; and, already hostile towards the English who had visited their coast, the tribes between the Penobscot and the Kennebec became the allies of France, and were cherished as a barrier against danger from English encroachments.

A French colony within the United States followed. under the auspices of De Guercheville and Mary of


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