Hindostan by way of the Cape of Good Hope
discovered the firm land of South 1498.
America, and the river Oronoco
, which seemed to him to flow from some large empire, or perhaps even from the terrestrial paradise itself; and in the summer, Cabot
, the youngest of them all, made known to the world the coast line of the present United States
, as far as the entrance to the Chesapeake
The fame of Columbus
was soon embalmed in the poetry of Tasso
; De Gama
is the hero of the national epic of Portugal
; but the elder Cabot
was so little celebrated, that even the reality of his voyage has been denied; and Sebastian
derived neither benefit nor immediate renown from his expedition.
His main object had been the discovery of a north-western passage to Asia
, and in this respect his voyage was a failure; while Gama
was cried up by all the world for having found the way by the south-east.
For the next half century it was hardly borne in mind that the Venetian and his son had, in two successive years, reached the continent of North America
, before Columbus
came upon the low coast of Guiana
acquired through their energy such a right to North America
, as this indisputable priority could confer.
The successors of Henry VII.
recognised the claims of Spain
, only so far as they actually occupied the territories to which they laid pretension; and, at a later day, the English parliament and the English
courts derided a title, founded, not upon occupancy, but upon the award of a Roman pontiff.
The next years of the illustrious mariner, from whom England
derived a claim to our shores, are involved in obscurity; but he soon conciliated regard by