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[102] wants of Lane to the uttermost; giving him a bark of
Chap III.} 1586.
seventy tons, with pinnaces and small boats, and all needed provisions for the colony. Above all, he induced two experienced sea-captains to remain and employ themselves in the action of discovery. Every thing was furnished to complete the surveys along the coast and the rivers, and, in the last resort, if suffering became extreme, to reconvey the emigrants to England.

At this time, an unwonted storm suddenly arose, and had nearly wrecked the fleet, which lay in a most dangerous position, and which had no security but in weighing anchor and standing away from the shore. When the tempest was over, nothing could be found of the boats and the bark, which had been set apart for the colony. The humanity of Drake was not weary; he instantly devised measures for supplying the colony with the means of continuing their discoveries; but Lane shared the despondency of his men; and Drake yielded to their unanimous desire of permission to embark in his ships for England. Thus

June 19.
ended the first actual settlement of the English in America. The exiles of a year had grown familiar with the favorite amusement of the lethargic Indians; and they introduced into England the general use of tobacco.1

The return of Lane was a precipitate desertion; a little delay would have furnished the colony with ample supplies. A few days after its departure, a ship arrived, laden with all stores needed by the infant settlement.

1 On the settlement, see Lane in Hakluyt, III. 311—322, the original account. The reader may compare Camden, in Kennett, II. 509, 510; Stith, 12—21; Smith, i. 86—99; Belknap i. 213—216; Williamson, i. 37—51; Martin, l. 12—24; Tytler, 56—68; Thomson, c. i. and II. and Appendix B.; Oldys, c. 65—71; Cayley, i. 46—81; Birch, 582. 584.

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