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[74]

Chapter 3:

England takes possession of the United States.

the attempts of the French to colonize Florida,
Chap. III.}
though unprotected and unsuccessful, were not without an important influence on succeeding events. About the time of the return of De Gourgues, Walter Raleigh,1 a young Englishman, had abruptly left the university of Oxford, to take part in the civil contests between the
1569 to 1575
Huguenots and the Catholics in France, and with the prince of Navarre, afterwards Henry IV., was learning the art of war under the veteran Coligny. The Protestant party was, at that time, strongly excited with indignation at the massacre which De Gourgues had avenged; and Raleigh could not but gather from his associates and his commander intelligence respecting Florida and the navigation to those regions. Some of the miserable men who escaped from the first expedition, had been conducted to Elizabeth,2 and had kindled in the public mind in England a desire for the possession of the southern coast of our republic; the reports of Hawkins,3 who had been the benefacton of the French on the River May, increased the national excitement; and De Morgues,4 the painter, who had sketched in Florida the most remarkable appearances of nature, ultimately found the opportunity of finishing his designs, through the munificence of Raleigh.

1 Oldys' Raleigh, 16, 17. Tytler's Raleigh, 19—23.

2 Hakluyt, III. 384.

3 Ibid. III. 612—617.

4 Hakluyt, III. 364. Compare a marginal note to III. 425.

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