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[77] the New World. He was vigorous in his attempts to
Chap. III.}
suppress piracy; and the navigation of his subjects flourished under his protection. The banner of St. George was often displayed in the harbors of Northern Africa and in the Levant; and now that commerce, emancipated from the limits of the inner seas, went boldly forth upon the oceans, the position of England gave her a pledge of superiority.

An account exists of an expedition to the northwest in 1536, conducted by Hore, of London, and ‘assisted by the good countenance of Henry VIII.’ But the two ships, the Trinity and the Minion, were worn out by a troublesome voyage of more than two months, before they reached a harbor in Newfoundland. There the disheartened adventurers wasted away, from famine and misery. In the extremity of their distress, a French ship arrived, ‘well furnished with vittails:’ of this they obtained possession by a stroke of ‘policie,’ and set sail for England. The French, following in the English ship, complained of the exchange, upon which Henry VIII., of his own private purse, ‘made them full and royal recompense.’ In 1541, the fisheries of ‘Newland’ were favored by an act of parliament, the first which refers to America.

The accession of Edward, in 1547, and the consequent ascendency of Protestantism, marks the era when England began to foreshadow her maritime superiority. In the first year of his reign the council advanced a hundred pounds for Cabot, ‘a pilot, to come out of Hispain to serve and inhabit in England.’ In the next year, the fisheries of Newfoundland, which had suffered from exactions by the officers of the Admiralty, obtained the protection of a special act, ‘to ’

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