the intent that merchants and fishermen might use
the trade of fishing freely without such charges.’
In 1549 Sebastian Cabot
was once more in England
, brought over at the cost of the exchequer; and pensioned as grand pilot; nor would he again return to Seville
, though his return was officially demanded by the emperor.
He obtained of the king a copy of the patent to his family, of which the original had been lost, but neither proposed new voyages to our shores nor cherished plans of colonization.
He seemed to set no special value on his discovery of North America
To find a shorter route to the land of spices he had sailed in 1498 from Bristol
; in 1527, had led forth a Spanish expedition
, which reached La Plata
and the Parana
Still haunted by the dream of his youth, he was again to fail, yet not without unexpectedly making known the avenue by sea to Muscovy.
He had vainly tried the northwest and the southwest; he now advised to attempt a passage by the northeast, and was made president of the company of merchants who undertook the enterprise.
In May, 1553, the fleet of three ships, under the command of Sir Hugh Willoughby
, following the instructions of Cabot
, now almost an octogenarian, dropped down the Thames
with the intent to reach China
by doubling the northern promontory of Norway
The admiral, separated from his companions in a storm, was driven by the cold in September to seek shelter in a Lapland
When search was made for him in the following spring, his whole company had perished from cold; Willoughby
himself, whose papers showed that he had survived till January, was found dead in his cabin.
, in one of the other ships, reached the harbor