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[86] Pacific Ocean might yet be threaded among the icebergs
Chap. III.}
and northern islands of America.1 While Frobisher was thus attempting to obtain wealth and fame on the north-east coast of America, the western limits of the territory of the United States became known. Embarking on a voyage in quest of fortune, Francis Drake acquired immense treasures as
1577 to 1580.
a freebooter in the Spanish harbors on the Pacific, and, having laden his ship with spoils, gained for himself enduring glory by circumnavigating the globe. But before following in the path which the ship of Magellan had thus far alone dared to pursue, Drake determined to explore the north-western coast of America, in the hope of discovering the strait which connects the oceans. With this view, he crossed the equator, sailed beyond the peninsula of California, and followed the continent to the latitude of forty-three degrees, corresponding to the latitude of the southern borders of New Hampshire.2 Here the cold seemed
1579. June.
intolerable to men who had just left the tropics. Despairing of success, he retired to a harbor in a milder latitude, within the limits of Mexico; and, having refitted his ship, and named the country New Albion, he sailed for England, through the seas of Asia. Thus was the southern part of the Oregon territory first visited by Englishmen, yet not till after a voyage of the Spanish from Acapulco, commanded by
Cabrillo, a Portuguese, had traced the American continent to within two and a half degrees of the mouth of Columbia River;3 while, thirteen years after the

1 On Frobisher, consult the original accounts of Hall, Settle, Ellis, and Best, with R. Hakluyt's instructions, in Hak. III. 52—129.

2 Course of Sir Francis Drake, Hak. III. 524; Johnson's Life of Drake.

3 Forster's Northern Voyages, III. c. IV. s. II. Humboldt, Nouv Esp. II. 436, 437. Compare Viage de las Goletas Sutil y Mexicana, 34. 36. 57.

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