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[96] accompanied by several men of merit, whom the
Chap. III.} 1585.
world remembers;—by Cavendish, who soon after cir-1585. cumnavigated the globe; Hariot, the inventor of the system of notation in modern algebra,1 the historian of the expedition; and White, an ingenious painter, whose sketches2 of the natives, their habits and modes of life, were taken with beauty and exactness, and were the means of encouraging an interest in Virginia, by diffusing a knowledge of its productions.

To sail by the Canaries and the West Indies, to conduct a gainful commerce with the Spanish ports by intimidation; to capture Spanish vessels;—these were but the expected preliminaries of a voyage to Virginia. At length the fleet fell in with the main land of

June 20. 24.
Florida; it was in great danger of being wrecked on the cape which was then first called the Cape of Fear; and two days after it came to anchor at Wocoken.
26
The perils of the navigation on the shoals of that coast became too evident; the largest ship of the squadron, as it entered the harbor, struck, but was not lost. It was through Ocracock Inlet that the fleet made its way to Roanoke.

But the fate of this colony was destined to be influenced by the character of the natives. Manteo, the friend of the English, and who returned with the fleet from a visit to England, was sent to the main to announce their arrival. Grenville, accompanied by Lane, Hariot, Cavendish, and others, in an excursion of eight

July 11 to 18.
days, explored the coast as far as Secotan, and, as they relate, were well entertained of the savages. At one of the Indian towns, a silver cup had been stolen; its restoration was delayed; with hasty cruelty, Grenville

1 Tytler, 66. Stith, 20. Play-fair's Dissertation, p. i. s. i.

2 In De Bry, part II. They are also imitated in Beverley's Virginia.

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