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[146] same time, conceded; and lotteries, though unusual in
Chap. IV.}
England, were authorized for the benefit of the colony. The lotteries produced to the company twenty-nine thousand pounds; but, as they were esteemed a grievance by the nation, so they were, after a few years, noticed by parliament as a public evil, and, in
1621. Mar
consequence of the complaint of the commons, were suspended by an order of council.

If the new charter enlarged the powers of the com-

1612
pany, the progress of the colony confirmed its stability. Tribes even of the Indians submitted to the English, and, by a formal treaty, declared themselves the tributaries of King James. A marriage was the immediate cause of this change of relations.

A foraging party of the colonists, headed by Argall, having stolen the daughter of Powhatan, demanded of her father a ransom. The indignant chief prepared rather for hostilities. But John Rolfe, ‘an honest and discreet’ young Englishman, an amiable enthusiast, who had emigrated to the forests of Virginia, daily, hourly, and, as it were, in his very sleep, heard a voice crying in his ears, that he should strive to make her a Christian. With the solicitude of a troubled soul, he reflected on the true end of being. ‘The Holy Spirit’ —such are his own expressions—‘demanded of me why I was created;’ and conscience whispered that, rising above ‘the censure of the low-minded,’ he should lead the blind in the right path. Yet still he remembered that God had visited the sons of Levi and Israel with his displeasure, because they sanctified strange women; and might he, indeed, unite himself with ‘one of barbarous breeding and of a cursed race?’ After a great struggle of mind, and daily and believing prayers, in the innocence of pious zeal, he resolved ‘to labor for the conversion of the unregenerated ’

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